Cross Origin Resources Sharing can be a huge pain. So here is how to fix CORS errors in web applications.
We’ve all been there, cursing because of CORS. You make an HTTP request only to be greeted by a frustrating error message in your browser. With this short article, I want to show you how to fix CORS errors in web applications.
CORS explained in short
Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) is a mechanism that allows web browsers or other web clients to make cross-origin requests, which are normally prohibited by the Same-Origin Policy (SOP). CORS is a compromise that provides greater flexibility on the Internet while maintaining high security measures. The Same-Origin Policy (SOP) is a security feature implemented by web browsers that restricts web pages from making requests to a different origin than the one that served the web page. In simple terms, SOP prevents malicious web pages from stealing data or executing actions on behalf of a user without their knowledge or consent.
Some easy theory
CORS is basically a client asking a server
Hey, I know I am not from here but I would like to read (or write) some data, can I do that?
And the server responds with
Yeah, my admin already told me that guys like you might come by, so it’s okay.
So it’s a server configuration issue and if you don’t control the server, you can’t fix the problem!
But how to fix it?
Simple, just add the header Access-Control-Allow-Origin to your server configuration
This means that requests from any origin are allowed. You can either specify a single origin URL or use the
* value as a wildcard.
Sometimes, you also want to restrict the allowed HTTP methods that clients can use. The header field Access-Control-Allow-Methods is your friend.
access-control-allow-methods: GET, PUT, OPTIONS
The specific steps for adding these header fields depend on the type of server you are running. However, you can find the answer on the internet, and ChatGPT may even be able to assist you with that.
In this article, you learned how to fix CORS errors in web applications. Once you know the theory behind the scenes, it’s easier to understand and won’t cause you big trouble in the future.